Citing from the Collected Works of C.G. Jung

Accurate bibliographical citations are a necessary evil, and as it has been observed:
… the grand plan on which the unconscious life of the psyche is constructed is so inaccessible to our understanding that we can never know what evil may not be necessary in order to produce good … and what good may very possibly lead to evil. (Jung, 1948/1969, p. 215 [CW 9 pt. 1 para. 397]).

A sample citation in American Psychological Association format for something from the Collected Works of C.G. Jung:

Jung, C.G. (1969). Phenomenology of the spirit in fairy tales (R. F. C. Hull, Trans.). In H. Read et al. (Series Eds.), The collected works of C.G. Jung (vol. 9 pt. 1, 2nd. ed., pp. 207-254). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (Original work published 1948)

Cite as: (Jung, 1948/1969).

The example on page 254 of the old 5th edition of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2001) for the Collected Works of Freud is:

Freud, S. (1961). The ego and the id. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (vol. 19, pp. 3-66). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1923)

Cite as: (Freud, 1923/1961).

The sixth edition uses for its example a citation from an online source (American Psychological Association 2010, p. 203):

Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4, pp. 96–121). Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books (Original work published 1900)

In text, use the following citation: (Freud, 1900/1953).

Notes: In these citations, the citation is for an essay/chapter in a book (American Psychological Association, 2001, pp. 252-255). The purpose of the citation is to enable someone to find the exact passage you are citing, so that they can examine the original context. The edition you are citing is important for this reason. Also, a good citation can tell the reader where you got the quotation and to have some idea as to how reliable it is. When it was first published and what the original German title was are useful and interesting, but are not expected in the APA citation format. According to the APA, paragraph numbers are not required, but most Pacifica programs either require them or regard them as optional (they are useful for indexing, but page numbers are normally used in APA style citations). The titles of the sections were helpful for the original editors as a way of organizing the CW, but confusing in a citation, so they should not be included.

The Second Edition of volume 9, part 1 has on the back of the title-page: “copyright 1959 by Bollingen Foundation Inc., New York, N.Y. New material copyright 1969 by Princeton University Press”. Since there is no date of publication on the title-page, the most recent copyright date is the best to use for date of publication. Statements on the back of the title page like “third printing 1971” are generally ignored, since the changes between printings are usually negligible.The original date of publication “1948” is taken from the table of contents. The paper was presented at the Eranos-Tagung in 1945 and the lecture was first published in printed form in 1946, but the translation cited is actually based on a revision published in 1948 (Jung 1948/1969, p. 207, note), so the table of contents date is best. If you can’t figure out the original date of publication, I recommend that it not be included.

Most volumes of Jung's Collected Works in circulation are published by Princeton University Press, which took over the North American publication of the Bollingen Series from Pantheon Books in 1967. The publisher Routledge has British publication rights.

Written by Richard Buchen, M.L.S., Special Collections Librarian, Pacifica Graduate Institute

revised March 19, 2014

Reference list for this page :

American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association(5th ed.). Washington D.C.: Author.

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association(6th ed.). Washington D.C.: Author.

American Psychological Association. (2012). APA style guide to electronic references, sixth edition.Washington D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://cdm15841.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15841coll1/id/0

Jung, C.G. (1969). Phenomenology of the spirit in fairy tales (R. F. C. Hull, Trans.). In H. Read et al. (Series Eds.), The collected works of C.G. Jung (vol. 9 pt. 1, 2nd. ed., pp. 207-254). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (Original work published 1948)

© Pacifica Graduate Institute - All rights reserved